Throughout the first six decades of the nineteenth century there was a constant exodus from the Coollattin estate to Canada and, in particular, to the province of Ontario. Emigration commenced in the years which followed the 1798 rebellion. During these dark years neighbour had fallen out with neighbour, and in cases, brother set against brother. Agents from shipping companies such as that owned by the Ellys of New Ross,went from village to village in south Wicklow recruiting all who wished to travel and who could afford the fare.
From the mid 1830's onward Earl Fitzwilliam, who owned the Coollattin Estate assisted many thousands of his tenants in finding a new life across the Atlantic. Initially emigration was through the port of Dublin and the travel was organised by the shipping firm of Miley. From 1847 to 1855 the travel for the assisted emigrants was provided by the the firm of Graves of New Ross. During these years almost 6,ooo men, women and children left Coollattin for the New World.
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